Inteligência e Testes de QI
     
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What is giftedness? What is talent? PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Sarah Swenson, MA, LMHCA   
Quarta, 18 Dezembro 2013 21:22

There seem to be infinitely variable definitions for these two words. Let's start with the idea of intelligence. Most research suggests that the higher an individual's intelligence, the greater the degree of cognitive, emotional, and spiritual complexity there will be in that person's encounter with the world. In our culture, we tend to award achievement: the highest GPA, the best job, the most academic degrees, and the most money. Giftedness, however, is not about achievements in that sense.

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g and the measurement of Multiple Intelligences: A response to Gardner PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por B.A. Visser et al   
Segunda, 04 Novembro 2013 18:22

Gardner [Gardner, H. (2006-this issue). On failing to grasp the core of MI theory: A response to Visser et al. Intelligence] criticized some aspects of our empirical examination [Visser, B. A., Ashton, M. C., & Vernon, P. A. (2006-this issue). Beyond g: Putting multiple intelligences theory to the test. Intelligence] of his “Theory of Multiple Intelligences”. Specifically, Gardner questioned the construct validity of g, and suggested that the measures we used to test his theory were contaminated with verbal and logical demands. In this reply, we explain that the construct validity of g is well established, pointing out (a) that g is expressed in a wide variety of tasks (not all of which are “school-like” tasks), (b) that g predicts many important criterion variables (not only academic achievement), and (c) that g has a well-established biological basis. With regard to the measures used in our study, we point out that the verbal content of those tasks is unlikely to contribute to individual differences in task performance, and that the logical content of those tasks is consistent with Gardner's description of his intelligence domains.

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Is Human Intellect Degenerating? PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Gerald R. Crabtree   
Terça, 19 Fevereiro 2013 09:51

"I would be willing to wager that if an average citizen from Athens of 1000 BC were to appear suddenly among us, he or she would be among the brightest and most intellectually alive of our colleagues and companions. We would be surprised by our time-visitor's memory, broad range of ideas and clear-sighted view of important issues. I would be willing to wager that if an average citizen from Athens of 1000 BC were to appear suddenly among us, he or she would be among the brightest and most intellectually alive of our colleagues and companions. We would be surprised by our time-visitor’s memory, broad range of ideas and clear-sighted view of important issues. I would also guess that he or she would be among the most emotionally stable of our friends and colleagues. I do not mean to imply something special about this time in history or the location, but would also make this wager for the ancient inhabitants of Africa, Asia, India or the Americas of perhaps 2,000 to 6,000 years ago. I mean to say simply that we Homo sapiens may have changed as a species in the past several thousand years and will use 3000 years to emphasize the potential rapidity of change and to provide a basis for calculations, although dates between 2,000 and 6,000 years ago might suffice equally well. The argument that I will make is that new developments in genetics, anthropology and neurobiology make a clear prediction about our historical past as a species and our possible intellectual fate. The message is simple: our intellectual and emotional abilities are genetically surprising fragile."

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Últimos artigos no Facebook... PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Carlos Simões   
Sábado, 26 Janeiro 2013 21:52
 
Concepções pessoais de inteligência PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Luísa Faria   
Sexta, 28 Dezembro 2012 21:00

"As teorias explícitas de inteligência, até agora as mais estudadas e divulgadas, representam conjuntos de construções teóricas de psicólogos, educadores e investigadores e são ancoradas numa avaliação da inteligência presumivelmente objectiva, através de testes e provas similares. Por sua vez, as teorias implícitas de inteligência representam conjuntos de crenças – que podem ser apresentadas por leigos, por cientistas e, até mesmo, por grupos sócio-profissionais específicos como, por exemplo, o dos professores – acerca da natureza, do desenvolvimento e das implicações da inteligência para as condutas dos indivíduos nos mais variados contextos de acção."

Luísa Faria in "Concepções pessoais de inteligência: na senda de um modelo organizador e integrador no domínio da motivação"

 
Fractionating human intelligence PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Adam Hampshire, Roger R. Highfield, Beth Parkin, Adrian M. Owen   
Quinta, 27 Dezembro 2012 14:23

What makes one person more intellectually able than another? Can the entire distribution of human intelligence be accounted for by just one general factor? Is intelligence supported by a single neural system? Here, we provide a fresh perspective on human intelligence that takes into account how general abilities or  ‘factors' reflect the functional organization of the brain. By comparing factor models of individual differences in performance with factor models of brain functional organisation, we demonstrate that different components of intelligence have their analogues in distinct brain networks.

Anexo(s)
 Fractionating human intelligence (Adrian Owen, Adam Hampshire e Roger Highfield)[What makes one person more intellectually able than another? Can the entire distribution of human intelligence be accounted for by just one general factor? ]6759 Kb
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The Scary Smart Are The Scary Rich PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Jonathan Wai   
Segunda, 24 Setembro 2012 21:38

The most recent edition of The Forbes 400, which ranks the 400 richest people in America, includes 48 tech billionaires. From this list, I have assessed whether the following people are in the top 1% of intellectual ability simply based on the school that they were admitted to as an undergraduate or graduate student. Attending an elite undergraduate or graduate institution requires a certain test score level, which according to Charles Murray in his book Coming Apart: The State of White America, 1960-2010, translates into an IQ score well within the top 1% if the institution has high enough median scores. According to Murray, "the average graduate of an elite college is at the 99th [per]centile of IQ of the entire population of 17-year-olds."

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Best evidence yet that a single gene can affect IQ PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Andy Coghlan   
Domingo, 17 Junho 2012 09:46

A massive genetics study relying on MRI brain scans and DNA samples from over 20,000 people has revealed what is claimed as the biggest effect yet of a single gene on intelligence - although the effect is small. There is little dispute that genetics accounts for a large amount of the variation in people's intelligence, but studies have consistently failed to find any single genes that have a substantial impact. Instead, researchers typically find that hundreds of genes contribute.

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