Inteligência e Testes de QI
     
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Rising Scores on Intelligence Tests PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Ulric Neisser   
Sábado, 23 Janeiro 2010 00:27

Test scores are certainly going up all over the world, but whether intelligence itself has risen remains controversial. Average scores on intelligence tests are rising substantially and consistently, all over the world. These gains have been going on for the better part of a century—essentially ever since tests were invented. The rate of gain on standard broad-spectrum IQ tests amounts to three IQ points per decade, and it is even higher on certain specialized measures. In the Netherlands, for example, all male 18-year-olds take a test of abstract-reasoning ability as part of a military-induction requirement. Because the same test is used every year, it is easy to see the mean score rising, in this case, at about seven points per decade.

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Power Tech: Youth Technology Creativity Contest PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por YouthInvention   
Segunda, 09 Fevereiro 2009 09:53

In 1985, Sternberg developed a triarchic theory of intelligence, highlighting the individual differences in intelligence and dividing human intelligence into analytical, creativity, and practical intelligences.

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Defining the Inkblot Called Emotional Intelligence PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por David Caruso   
Quarta, 04 Fevereiro 2009 17:38

Just what is this thing called emotional intelligence (EI)? The answer, to a large extent, depends on who you ask. EI has served as a sort of conceptual inkblot, an unstructured notion that is open to a vast number of interpretations. The article, Emotional Intelligence: Issues and Common Misunderstandings, by Robert Emmerling and Daniel Goleman provides a balanced and diplomatic overview of this new field, and of the various inkblot percepts. Their article is descriptive, and it is my hope that they, and others, will help to further advance the field through prescriptive articles.

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Emotional Intelligence: Issues and Common Misunderstandings PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Robert J. Emmerling, Daniel Goleman   
Quarta, 04 Fevereiro 2009 17:34

In this article we seek to raise issues and air questions that have arisen along with the growing interest in emotional intelligence. We hope to catalyze a dialogue among all those with serious interests in the area, to surface hidden assumptions, correct mistaken impressions, and survey a range of opinions. Such open dialogue, we believe, can pay off to the degree it strengthens the research and thinking that are the foundations of the field-both in theory and in applications.

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Why g Matters: The Complexity of Everyday Life PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Linda S. Gottfredson   
Terça, 03 Fevereiro 2009 14:25

Personnel selection research provides much evidence that intelligence (g) is an important predictor of performance in training and on the job, especially in higher level work. This article provides evidence that g has pervasive utility in work settings because it is essentially the ability to deal with cognitive complexity, in particular, with complex information processing. The more complex a work task, the greater the advantages that higher g confers in performing it well. Everyday tasks, like job duties, also differ in their level of complexity. The importance of intelligence therefore differs systematically across different arenas of social life as well as economic endeavor. Data from the National Adult Literacy Survey are used to show how higher levels of cognitive ability systematically improve individuals' odds of dealing successfully with the ordinary demands of modern life (such as banking, using maps and transportation schedules, reading and understanding forms, interpreting news articles). These and other data are summarized to illustrate how the advantages of higher g, even when they are small, cumulate to affect the overall life chances of individuals at different ranges of the IQ bell curve. The article concludes by suggesting ways to reduce the risks for low-IQ individuals of being left behind by an increasingly complex postindustrial economy.

Anexo(s)
 Why g Matters[ ]510 Kb
 
The Discovery of IQ Gains Over Time PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por James R. Flynn   
Terça, 03 Fevereiro 2009 14:11

Humane-egalitarian ideals, whose aims are group justice and reducing environmental inequality and privilege, must be tested against reality, as revealed by psychology and other social sciences. Four issues are addressed: the equation between IQ and intelligence, whether group potential is determined by a group's mean IQ, whether the Black White IQ gap is genetic, and the meritocratic thesis that genes for IQ will become highly correlated with class. Massive IQ gains over time test the IQ-intelligence equation, reveal groups who achieve far beyond their mean IQs, and falsify prominent arguments for a genetic racial IQ gap. Class IQ trends suggest America is not evolving toward a meritocracy, but a core refutation ofthat thesis is needed and supplied. Finally, the viability of humane ideals is assessed against a worst-case scenario.

 
The General Intelligence Factor PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Linda S. Gottfredson   
Terça, 03 Fevereiro 2009 14:06

No subject in psychology has provoked more intense public controversy than the study of human intelligence. From its beginning, research on how and why people differ in overall mental ability has fallen prey to political and social agendas that obscure or distort even the most well-established scientific findings. Journalists, too, often present a
view of intelligence research that is exactly the opposite of what most intelligence experts believe. For these and other reasons, public understanding of intelligence falls far short of public concern about it. The IQ experts discussing their work in the public arena can feel as though they have fallen down the rabbit hole into Alice's Wonderland.

 
Estimating state IQ: Measurement challenges and preliminary correlates PDF Versão para impressão Enviar por E-mail
Escrito por Michael A. McDaniel   
Terça, 03 Fevereiro 2009 13:51

The purpose of this study is threefold. First, an estimate of state IQ is derived and its strengths and limitations are considered. To that end, an indicator of downward bias in estimating state IQ is provided. Two preliminary causal models are offered that predict state IQ. These models were found to be highly predictive of state IQ, yielding multiple R's of 0.83 and 0.89. Second, the extent to which state IQ predicts state outcome variables (e.g., gross state product, health, violent crime, and government effectiveness) is estimated. State IQ shows positive correlations with gross state product, health, and government effectiveness and negative correlations with violent crime. These results are consistent with the extent to which IQ predicts outcomes at the level of the individual. Third, a research agenda is provided for improving estimates of state IQ, identifying factors that cause differences in state IQ, and delineating the role of IQ in predicting important variables.

 
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